Michigan has three types of Adoption Assistance:
- What is adoption support subsidy?
- Who is eligible for adoption support subsidy?
- How do I apply for adoption support subsidy?
- If my child is eligible for adoption support subsidy, when can I expect payment?
- Does the adoption support subsidy program use direct bank deposit for the monthly payments?
- Can there be more than one payee for a child’s subsidy payment?
- How long is an adopted child eligible to receive an adoption support subsidy monthly payment?
- When should an adoptive parent become concerned about not receiving an adoption support subsidy monthly check?
- What should I do if my family's circumstances change (e.g. change of address, death of a family member, child leaves the home)?
- How can I find out who the adoption subsidy case specialist is for my child?
- Can adoptive parents appeal decisions relating to adoption assistance?
- What is a nonrecurring adoption expense?
- Who is eligible for a nonrecurring adoption expense?
- How do I apply for a nonrecurring adoption expense?
- What is adoption medical subsidy?
- Who is eligible for adoption medical subsidy?
- How do I apply for adoption medical subsidy?
- What services are covered by adoption medical subsidy?
- How is adoption medical subsidy different from the Medicaid Program?
Adoption Support Subsidy Program FAQs
Adoption support subsidy provides monthly financial assistance to the adoptive parents of an eligible child. It assists with the payment of expenses of caring for and raising the child. The maximum adoption support subsidy monthly payment is equal to the foster care rate for the child while in foster care.
Children who meet the Department of Human Services definition of “special needs”. These children are the following:
- In the public child welfare system, although children who are eligible for SSI do not need to be in the public child welfare system to qualify for support subsidy.
- All parental rights have been terminated.
- And one of the following is true:
- Age 3 or older.
- Being adopted by a relative.
- Being adopted by a sibling’s adoptive parents.
- Being adopted with a sibling who is eligible for support subsidy.
- Have higher care needs.
- Eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
Support subsidy eligibility must be determined before the finalization of the adoption. If a child’s adoption is finalized before a support subsidy contract has been signed by the adoptive parent and DHS, the child will not be eligible for the program.
Adoption support subsidy applications are completed on behalf of the child and prospective adoptive parents by the child’s licensed adoption agency.
All prospective adoptive parents of children in the child welfare system must be given information about the adoption subsidy programs and have an opportunity to request adoption support subsidy during the adoption process.
Payments arrive either through the mail or can be electronically transferred to the adoptive parent’s bank account. The current tentative payment schedule is located on the Michigan DHS website.
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) is available for adoption subsidy payments. Adoptive parents can enroll in EFT online at www.mi.gov/cpexpress or by contacting the Michigan Department of Management and Budget at (888) 734-9749. EFT payments are deposited the next business day after the date on the payment schedule.
Checks for adoption subsidy programs can only be issued in the name of one adoptive parent. The payee name can be changed to the other parent’s name by contacting the adoption subsidy office at (517)-373-7476.
Adoption support subsidy payments continue until the child’s 18th birthday. Subsidy payments can end before age 18 if the adoptive parent is not providing any support for the child, or if the child:
- Joins the military
- Is emancipated
Currently, extension of subsidy payment is available up to the maximum of age 19. Extensions are available for children who are disabled and/or attending high school full time.
Adoptive parents should wait to contact the adoption subsidy office until 5 business days after the original due date of the check.
Contact your adoption subsidy specialist. More information here.
Address changes must be reported in writing, including the adoptive parent(s) name(s), children’s names and birthdates, old address, new address, a contact phone number, and the adoptive parent’s signature. They may be mailed to: DHS Adoption Subsidy Office, Suite 412, PO Box 30037, Lansing, MI 48909 or faxed to (517) 335-4019. More information here.
The DHS web site lists contact information for the adoption subsidy office. Type adoption subsidy in the search engine. More information here.
DHS has an administrative hearing process which provides a right to a hearing when an adoptive parent believes a department decision is contrary to law or DHS policy. Hearing requests must be made in writing and signed by the adoptive parent. Information about administrative hearings is located on the DHS website in the Adoption Subsidy Manual; go to section AAM 700.
Nonrecurring Adoption Expense Program FAQs
Nonrecurring adoption expenses are the reasonable and necessary fees and expenses for the adoption process of an eligible child. Examples are court fees, birth certificate fees, required travel, and fees for medical reports. This program covers these fees up to $2,000.
Nonrecurring adoption expense eligibility is based on the determination that the child meets the DHS eligibility as a “special needs child”. Any child that receives adoption support subsidy will be eligible for nonrecurring expenses.
Nonrecurring adoption expenses (NRE) applications are completed by the adoption agency on behalf of the child and adoptive family. The adoptive family must be given information about the nonrecurring adoption expenses program during the adoption process of a state ward and has the opportunity to request NRE during the process.
Adoption Medical Subsidy Program FAQs
Adoption Medical Subsidy is reimbursement for an adopted child’s specific medical and/or mental health expenses for preapproved conditions that existed, or the cause of which existed, before adoption.
Children who were in Michigan foster care (child was a ward of the state or under supervision by a Michigan licensed child placing agency) at the time the petition for adoption was filed.
If the child is not yet adopted, the adoption worker completes the application for medical subsidy. For a child who has already been adopted, the adoptive parent can apply for medical subsidy by completing the Parent’s Request for Medical Subsidy for an Adoptive Child (DHS-1341A). The form is available on the DHS website under Adoption Forms and Publications. This information is also available at DHS local offices, private adoption agencies, and the DHS subsidy office (517) 335-6304.
Information about services and cost coverage is located in the DHS Adoption Subsidy Manual in section AAM 640.
Medicaid works like a health insurance program and covers general illness and health maintenance.
Adoption medical subsidy is a reimbursement program for an adopted child’s specific medical and/or mental health expenses for preapproved conditions that existed, or the cause of which existed, prior to adoption. Adoptive parents must exhaust Medicaid, personal insurance, and community resources before requesting coverage through the adoption medical subsidy program.
Revised April 2011